Internet technologies: what are they for, what are they?

August 24 2023

Internet technologies are technical and software solutions that allow computers and other devices to exchange data over a global network. They play a key role in modern society, enabling communication, information sharing, entertainment, commerce and much more.

Why are Internet technologies needed?

  1. Communication: Email, video calls, instant messaging and social networking make communication independent of distance.
  2. Information: The Internet provides access to vast amounts of information: news, scientific articles, encyclopaedias, etc.
  3. Entertainment: Music and video streaming, online gaming, blogger platforms.
  4. Education: Online courses, webinars, educational platforms.
  5. Commerce: E-commerce, online auctions, exchanges.
  6. Business: Cloud technology, remote working, digital tools for doing business.

Major Internet technologies:

1. Data Transfer Protocols:

  • TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the main standard for data transmission on the Internet.
  • HTTP/HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol/Secure) – protocols for transferring web pages.
  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol) – for transferring files.
  • SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) – for sending email.

2. Web development technologies:

  • HTML/CSS – for creating and styling web pages.
  • JavaScript – for adding interactivity to web pages.
  • PHP, Python, Ruby, Java and other programming languages for server-side development and data processing.

3. Databases: MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB – for storing, processing and retrieving data on websites.

4. Cloud technologies: AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure provide infrastructure, data storage and computing resources.

5. Security technologies: SSL/TLS for data encryption, firewalls, anti-viruses.

6. Networking technologies: VPN, DNS, CDN (content delivery systems).

7. APIs (Application Programming Interface) – allow applications to interact with each other.

This is just the tip of the iceberg of Internet technologies. With their development and implementation, our world is becoming more connected, automated and informative.